Sunday, May 24, 2020

Global Warming Carbon Trading - 1105 Words

Jason Dumawa ENG 7 Robert Lorette 11/18/2014 â€Å"Global Warming: Carbon Trading† The world’s climate is changing, and the effects will have a great impact on our planet’s ecosystem, biodiversity, and people’s lives. The average air temperature is already 1.5 degrees than they were at the start of 20th century, and a rise of 1 degree in just over 30 years makes a big difference on our ozone. Climate change is a general term for a change in climate of a long period of time, climate being the long-term weather pattern of a geographical area: temperature and precipitation averages and extremes. When people today talk about climate change they usually refer to the present human-induced climate change caused by burning fossil fuels. This is also called global warming although scientists prefer the term climate change because even though the general pattern is a warming, some areas are expected to get colder, have more extremes in weather. By burning fossil fuels from industry, transport, energy productio n etc., greenhouse gases (GHGs) are released. Carbon dioxide is the main GHG of concern, but others are methane, nitrous oxide, water vapor, and ozone. These GHGs trap escaping energy emitted by the Earth and heat up the atmosphere, causing a general warming of the planet. However, there is a solution to slow climate change and enforce a limit to how much an industrialized corporations can burn GHG, and that is carbon trading. Humans have been burning fossil fuels such as oil,Show MoreRelatedEconomic Policy Options for Addressing Global Warming980 Words   |  4 PagesEconomic Policy Options for Addressing Global Warming Introduction The topic of global warming has taken center stage recently as one of the most pressing environmental concerns of our time. Scientists generally agree that the temperature of the earth is rising and that the greenhouse effect is the primary culprit. Greenhouse gases, like carbon dioxide, absorb significant amounts of outgoing radiation while also allowing incoming solar radiation, thereby warming the surface of the earth (NordhausRead MoreTrading Eligible Emissions Units in the Carbon Market990 Words   |  4 PagesTrading Eligible Emissions Units in the Carbon Market Starting from the Kyoto protocol and culminating in the 2011 Durban agreement, world leaders have put into motion, a coordinated effort to save the world through concerted actions by their countries to reduce the carbon emissions. The reason for this agreement was the perspective that the world will not survive at the rate of the present emissions. Hence, the World Congress is has no option but to act strongly on these lines. The Kyoto protocolRead MoreHow Does Cap And Trade System Work?1224 Words   |  5 PagesCap-and-trade is environmentally and economically approach to capping and controlling greenhouse gas emissions which is the primary cause of global warming. It is a policy move aimed at controlling large amounts of gas emissions from a cluster of sources. This approach sets an overall cap which is the maximum amount of gas emissions per a stipulated compliance period, for all the sources under that particular program. The cap puts a limit on gas emissions which from time to time is lowered toRead MoreGlobal Warming : Causes And Effects1453 Words   |  6 PagesGlobal Warming Introduction A slight change in temperature may not seem that bad but a small rise in global temperature can do a lot of damage. Global warming is an increase in the earth s average atmospheric temperature that causes corresponding changes in climate [11]. This report is going to discuss the many causes of global warming as well as the effects that come with it. It will also discuss ways to prevent global warming from happening. Causes of Global Warming Global warming is whatRead MoreCarbon Permits Trading Essay1091 Words   |  5 PagesCarbon Permits Trading 2.1 Relevance and organization of emission trading Greenhouse gases alike water vapor, carbon dioxide, ozone and methane produced by power plants, transportation and factories are considered as the main driver for climate change with devastating impact on nature. Most recent efforts of global players ‘going green’ by offering carbon neutral products are quite unlikely able to stop global warming (John Gapper, 2006 and Heide Bachram, 2004). Hence, its again the governmentsRead MoreReducing Carbon Emissions By Implementing A Cap And Trade System887 Words   |  4 PagesOntario is preparing to aim at reducing carbon emissions by implementing a cap-and-trade system which claims to â€Å"put a price on everything from industrial emissions to gasoline and natural gas†. By explaining how the cap-and-trade system works to cut back the carbon emissions in industries operating, this article claims that this system will limit carbon emissions by making companies to purchase permits which are called allocations from the gove rnment to emit carbon. Cap on gasoline and natural gas meansRead MoreKyoto Protocol And Its Effect On The Earth s Natural Cycles999 Words   |  4 Pages20th century, global changes were measurable. This marked the beginning of the â€Å"Anthropocene†, and era where human activity became a force affecting the Earth’s natural cycles. One of these changes is a global planetary warming, causing more frequent droughts or heavy rains depending on the locations, ice cap melting at the Earth’s poles and rising sea levels, triggered by the emission of massive amounts of man-made greenhouse gases, mostly carbon dioxide (Holland 2015). This warming impacts everyoneRead MoreKyoto Protocol Of The Unfcc ( 2005 )1026 Words   |  5 Pagesinfrared radiation from leaving the earth s atmosphere, they became the subject of worldwide attention. Indeed, greenhouse effect traps radiation from the sun and warms the whole planet s surface. As concentrations of these gases increase, more warming occurs than would happen naturally. (What are greenhouse gases and how do they affect the climate?, April 2, 2015) Under the Kyoto Protocol, industrialized nations agreed to cut their greenhouse gas emissions to a certain percentage below yearRead MoreGlobal Warming And The Planet Earth1588 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal Warming and the Planet Earth: We Broke It, Let’s Help Fix It! Global warming, often confused with the term â€Å"climate change,† is a problem of worldly proportions that knows no limits, caused in large part by human activity. If it continues unchecked, its effects will be felt around the planet, from human society, to the environment, to the world economy. The purpose of this research paper is to understand the topic of global warming, you will hear from scientists and experts in the fieldRead MoreGlobal Climate Change1253 Words   |  5 PagesGlobal climate change is no big secret--things are heating up and humans are starting to see the implications of the global warming phenomena. As these consequences have begun to impinge upon our realities of a healthy, functioning world, scientists have been hard pressed to find a solution, a save all for mother Earth called geoengineering. One side of these solutions is in carbon dioxide removal tactics that target the disease of too much carbon in the atmosphere (Hamilton, 20). One of

Thursday, May 14, 2020

In What Ways Can Customer Service Performance be Improved Essay

In what ways can customer service performance be improved by incorporating flexible distribution operations into a logistical system design? As the main objective of logistics is to fulfil customer demands in terms of service reliability, performance and availability in the most cost-effective way, it is important for the distribution network to be able to adjust to unpredicted changes. For example, if a customer, who usually orders batch deliveries to own warehouses, is requesting to bring the goods directly to the point of sale, distribution should be altered to accommodate the respective demand. The need for flexible distribution operations usually arises when: customers modify the original service agreements, support is needed for one-time deliveries and promotion campaigns, new product is being introduced by the customer, products are being recalled, due to disturbances in the supply chain or due to unplanned product customization. Flexible operations are divided into routine and contingency. Their implementation depends on the customer importance and product criticality. Utilization of flexible distribution is usually justified in four cases. Firstly, it is used when several different storage facilities allow better system capacity management and give a chance to respond faster to out-of stock situations, enhancing customer service quality. Secondly, flexible policies are used when an alternative distribution channel is more efficient for a particular shipment size. Thus, for small deliveries intermediate distributors may be more appropriate, while for big batches products should be brought directly to the customer. Thirdly, flexibility is required for selective storage strategy, designed to reduce risk and cost of inventory. In this case, only a limited variety of products is stored in smaller warehouses, with the full product line available only at the mother facility. Finally, supplier service arrangements and cross-docking allow reducing handling and storage costs, thus better servicing the customer. In order to conduct flexible distribution more efficiently, extensive IT communication has to be used. For better operations management, integrated service providers may be hired. Works Cited: Bowersox, D.J., Closs, D.J., Cooper, M.B. (2009). Supply chain logistics management. New York: McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Singh, S.K., Kundu, S.C., Singh, S. (1998). Logistics management. New Delhi: Mittal Publications.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The One Thing to Do for Christian Essay Topics

The One Thing to Do for Christian Essay Topics Basically, you've got to look for keywords. Categories, essay topics could possibly be divided into. These topics are made to be purely informative. Check this website for more tips about how to compose a Christian dissertation. It is possible to locate other articles on this site about where and how to request support. Please don't E-mail us because you discover information here you don't agree with. It's important to get the appropriate amount of data in your article. All information ought to be properly cited and referenced. Christian Essay Topics: No Longer a Mystery Basically, both of these types of writing are the exact same. Writing about nuclear weapons is always an excellent idea. Students with potential that are required to do well only on tests or in performance eliminate interest whenever they do not find the worth of what it is that they learn. Finally, write about what you desire. Christian Essay Topics - the Story Simultaneously, designers from the cultures that are appropriated would pick the identical cultural images so as to demonstrate their cultural identity, making the situation more unbreakable. At precisely the same time, detecting cause and effect relationships isn't that easy in regards to the selection of a great cause and effect essay topic. The nature of the argumentative essay is in your capacity to select trustworthy facts that may confirm your viewpoint. Many students have a tendency to encounter the writing issues due to the shortage of appropriate comprehension. The Characteristics of Christian Essay Topics Following are several types of essay topics for students that are categorized in many sections so you can easily chose the topic depending on your need and requirement. Debrief and verify the last outcome you believe you will achieve through the research practice. The intent of a thesis statement is the fact that it makes an argumentthat you would like to support and attempt to prove correct. Many members of the world owe their creation to gods, but there's a fraction of human beings on the planet who don't believe in the presence of a Supreme Being or god. The theology and the purpose of the instruction in the two are the exact s ame. Students who tend to stick to the crowd will locate their individuality on the webpage, since they have the freedom to compose their thoughts without judgment. It is additionally a Jewish law to never mix meat and dairy. What is Really Going on with Christian Essay Topics You're able to write a very simple essay on the suitable age to vote or appropriate age to be in a position to purchase alcohol. Whether women ought to be permitted to be ordained as clergy. You're able to write about each topic or select the topics that speak to where you're in your life at this time. Sat life in psychology and produce an outstanding love life quotes. Choosing Christian Essay Topics Is Simple If you are getting ready for a term paper on Christianity, we will be able to help you choose from the full bunch of available Christian essay topics. Writing a thesis statement on this issue of Christianity'' is easy and hard at exactly the same time. The thesis will provide you with a guide line on how best to go about with writing the essay. Ideally, each man who reads your essay needs to be in a position to understand each question individually and understand how to organize your argument. Writing an argumentative essay about religion can be rather complicated, since it's essential to decide on a suitable topic. Thanks to the correct selection of presentation style and a thorough understanding of the goals you need to accomplish in your essay, there are plenty of categories essay themes may be broken into. Your essay will be nice and interesting only as long as you're interested in the issue. Christian essays usually go over the entire philosophy. The Fundamentals of Christian Essay Topics Revealed For instance, if you're studying Christianity at college level, you should read both the Old Testament and the New Testament. To be a good Christian there are plenty of things that you should practice. It is likewise very important for all of us to share the God's word with others around the world. God and other Christians can assist you through it. What to Expect From Christian Essay Topics? Podcast for men and women working from home. Very often it becomes hard t o choose one particular topic either on account of the many ideas in the student's head, or due to their complete absence. Deciding on a topic is an essential issue that partly estimates final success of the job. The above-mentioned topics ought to help you discover the theme that you're interested in, that is quite related to your training course.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Market Cultural Report China

Question: Discuss about the Market Cultural Reportfor China. Answer: Introduction Over the past 25 years of reformation and openness to the other parts of the globe, the economy of China has become the second biggest worldwide after US. The government of China has a goal of doubling the per capita and multiplying its GDP. Since 1978, the market economy widespread mechanism and reduction in the role of the government had been evident (Fogel, 2010). The Chinese government fostered an economic structure that is dualist and had developed from socialist, which was an economy that was centrally planned to an economic market system with socialist characteristics. Through the increase of technological development, the rapid growth of industries has been attained, leading to high productivity and foreign direct investments. (Fogel, 2010) There was elimination of the people's communes in 1984, which lead to the introduction of the collective household production in the agricultural sector. Private possession of assets for production was legal, even though there some industrial and agricultural facilities that are planned centrally and state owned. There were few restrictions when China agreed to the world trade. The Basis for Choosing China The reason for selecting China is because of following reasons. The first reason is because China is a developing economy with 1.357 billion population and 9.240trillion US dollars GDP. Also, according to the statistics of World Bank, there is large and cheap work force of 787,632,272, which gives business economies the opportunity to recruit labor force (Fogel, 2010). In comparing the literacy level of China to other developing countries, Chinas literacy level is higher (90%) than countries such as India with 60% (J. Hicks, 2007). China also has a pool of skilled labor, with low employment expenses hence, businesses are able to get high revenues since they save much on labor cost. Cultural Factors China has the largest population in the world. according to the census conducted in 1990, china had an average population of 1,1300,000, 000. In recent times, there has been an exponential growth of population in China (Fogel, 2010). The annual estimate of population growth in china is 15 million people. This number is approximately three times of the total population of Singapore. China added an average of 300 million people between 1964 and 1982 (Fogel, 2010). The population that was added during those years, was more than the population of Soviet Union at that period. The population increase in China was credited to a sharp decrease in mortality rates. Though the birth rate has reduced, the youth population is enormous. From the outlook, there will be rapid population increase in China if the country does not adopt extreme measure of population control. The major concern in China is to provide an acceptable quality of life to this ever growing and large population. Since 1978, the Chinese government has promoted among the Han, one-child family in an effort to reduce the population growth rate (Liao, 2016). People especially couples are encouraged to have one child only. The government offers reward for one child families. Birth-control techniques and family planning advice are accessible easily and used commonly. Language and Ethnic Groups The notion of one to be called a Chinese is based not only on race. But it is based on a cultural notion. One becomes a Chinese when he/she is able to speak and behave like a Chinese (Yao, 2014). The Chinese call themselves, sons of Han or Han. This is based on the Han Dynasty, which is considered as a tenure of great historical importance. The small tribes have been absorbed into the mainstream throughout history especially those who came into contact with the Han Chinese (Fogel, 2010). This process of absorption of small tribe still continues up to date. However, there are defined rules that guide and protects the Chinese minority citizens. Minority nationals in China are defined traditionally, as a group of individuals who occupies same geographical area, share a common sense of social values, and speak a common language. Because of the occupation of strategic territories, the minority nationalities are important in Chinese society (Madsen, 2010). They are significant although they just form a small percentage of the total Chinese population. Majority of minority nationalities resides along the sparsely populated Chinese frontiers. Culturally, they have a relationship with the neighboring nations such as Mongolia, Thailand, Myanmar, and Kyrgyzstan. The Chinas national security will be threatened if this group becomes hostiles. Therefore, in order for the government to enhance national security, the minorities of China are protected. The structure of the Chinese administrative system expresses the guarantees of protecting national minorities (Fogel, 2010). There are five independent regions, apart from the 22 provinces. These five independent regions are built on the five of the bigger and highly significant national minorities location. Additionally, there are smaller administrative units organized in an independent banners, prefectures, and leagues (Fogel, 2010). These small units are subdivided basing on the location of smaller minority nationalities. This kind of the administrative system is orchestrated in a way that ensures the minority citizens maintains their identities at the same time have the political equality with the Han. The country is promoting the Putonghua language at the same time, to be the national official language. The government encourages all of its citizens to learn it. In general, the Han lives harmoniously with all minority nationalities. The government has formulated measures to facil itate economic development in Cultural Values The Chinese culture is complicated. However, researchers across the globe comes to an agreement that in spite of the differences, the communities in China shares some common characteristics. The cultural values that are shared are derived from the philosophy of Confucian (Khairullah, 2013). The Chinese identity is informed by the Confucian philosophy. The influence of the Confucian teachings is less likely to end, bearing in mind that his thoughts abbot the Chinese way of life has dominated the country for more than 2000 years (K. F. Lau, 2009). This continues being so even after the occupation of Britain for more than two decades. The most significant Chinese values include the significance of family; the emphasis on achievement through hard work; cultivation of self-restraint and morality; and the social life's structure of hierarchy. The children are required to learn on how to talk and answer elders and their parents. It is assumed that as a whole the family will prosper and thri ve if at home there is harmony. Religion The government of China recognizes the Taoism, Protestantism, Buddhism, Catholicism, and Islam as the official religion (Travel China Guide, 2016). The government regulate the religious groups. Individuals who practices other faiths apart from the official religions are intimidated, harassed, and detained. China as a country was under the spotlight for violating the religious freedom in 2006. In China, the religious beliefs are varied, and derives its principles from different religions. However, the general Chinese religious concept shares same characteristics with other mainstream religions (Madsen, 2010). The religion is dualistic, highlighting the two complimentary and opposed universal principles, yang and yin. However, yang and yin are the double expression of the eternal single cosmic principle. The principle is known as Tao. Relating China and Singapore in Terms of Business Personal time In Singapore, personal time is highly valued. However, in China, this is very different. In China, they have a saying that goes, life is business(Siew, n.d.). Actually, this is true for people in China talks about business all the time. Whether as employee or business owner, the individual's social life is focused on business. They love personal lunches and dinner and business banquets. Most of these events take place after the normal business hours. This means that they occupy most of the weekends and evenings. Invitations in China If a Chinese person invites a dignitary or receives an invitation to a function or a meeting, he/ she will feel deeply honored (J. Hicks, 2007). The business deal signing and other formal business contracts are commonly carried out in an informal setting such as in the bars and restaurants. It is also a business etiquette to have as many business cards as possible. Holding Meetings If you are a host or a guest it is important to demonstrate respect by being punctual. It may be necessary to make earlier arrival by say, half an hour. This is because Chinese are very punctual when it comes to time (Fogel, 2010). When meeting a Chinese, the first meeting may be hierarchical and unproductive. When meeting the Chinese for the first time, it is advisable to avoid moving things faster. This is because the Chinese are prepared to spend time to achieve their goal. At such, they are very patient individuals. Business Relationship Chinese refer to the development of long term relationship as Guanxi (Fogel, 2010). This concept works in both Chinese and Singaporean cultures(Siew, n.d.). Nonetheless, there is a difference on how this concept is carried out. For instance, in Singapore, business does not usually involve the giving of gifts. In China, the exchange of gifts enhances the business relationship and it is seen as a normal thing. Cultural Dimensions The cultural dimensions of Geert Hofstede include: collectivism versus individualism, power distance, femininity versus masculinity, long-term orientation and avoidance of uncertainty which are majorly applied in the comparison of nations cultural differences between. PDI -Power Distance Index): Describes the level to which inferior members of institutions and organizations expect and accept the distribution of power (Hofstede, 2011). PDI suggest that inequality is authorized by both leaders and followers. Individualism (IDV) and collectivism: Describe the integration of individuals into groups. Individualism and collectivism correlates to the magnitude to which people are incorporated into groups (Yao, 2014). In individualism, everyone is required to look after themselves or their immediate families, while in collectivism from birth onwards people integrated in strong extended families hence being protected in exchange for their unwavering loyalty. Masculinity (MAS) versus femininity: Describes the division of responsibilities among genders. Hofstedes research indicates that the value of women is lower as compared to that of men (Hofstede, 2011). Masculine is referred to as the assertive role while feminine is the caring and modest role. Uncertainty Avoidance Index (UAI): Means the tolerance of the society to ambiguity and uncertainty (Hofstede, 2011). It shows how culture conditions its members to either feel comfortable or uncomfortable in unorganized situations. People living in countries with uncertainty avoidance are motivated and emotional through the inner nervous energy as compared to uncertainty accepting countries who are tolerant. Short and Long Term Orientation: Refers to the qualities of perseverance and prudence (Liao, 2016). Short Term Orientation related qualities include: respecting culture, social responsibilities, fulfillment, and protection of ones integrity. All negative and positive values of cultural dimensions are in the Confucius teachings. Confucius was a Chinese philosopher who was very influential and lived in 500 B.C. The cultural dimensions are also applied in countries with no heritage of Confucian. The figure below shows the Hofstedes rankings of the Chinese cultures five dimensions. Graph 2. Cultural Dimensions of Hofstedes in China The cultural dimension of Geert Hofstede in China indicates a relatively high (80) Power Distance level in comparison with the world average of 55 (Yao, 2014). This shows the inequality level of wealth and power existing in the societies. Power inequality is imposed on the people but it is tolerated by the people as a custom. In China, there is also the existence of Long-term Orientation (LTO) that is high (118). This illustrates the society's time perception and a persevering attitude which is conquering difficulties with time. In the ranking of individualism Chinese was ranked low (10) (Hofstede, 2011). This can be associated with the high extent on the emphasis of collectivist in the society as compared to the emphasis on the individualism values that was imposed on the people by the communist reign. By individualism being ranked low means that China is a close and dedicated nation starting from the family up to extensive relationships. In the culture of collectivist, loyalty is p aramount. China as a nation encourages strong relationships whereby every member of the society is responsible for other members of the group. Implications of Chinese Culture on Business. Operating a commercial venture in China can be challenging because of various differences and uncertainties in the economic, political, and cultural environment (Liao, 2016). When it comes to business the Chinese prefer doing business with the individuals they understand better and know them. They prefer working with the organizations they know. Therefore, when doing business in China it is crucial to work through intermediaries. The relationships in the businesses are formally built. It takes a lot of time to establish a long lasting relationship in business. There are many government bureaucracies when it comes to starting a business in China. Therefore, it is of utmost importance to exercise patience, Foreigners are seen as representatives of their organization in China rather than distinct people. In business relationships rank is extremely important. when communicating one should mind the rank differences of the individual being addressed (Liao, 2016). In China people, do not prefer telephone or written communication rather they prefer to meet face-to-face. It is important to follow social etiquette, at such, business discussions are discouraged in social events and during meals. In China, there is a differentiation between socializing and business. Hence it is important not to mix the two. Some of the practices governing businesses are the cultural values. Theses cultural values prefer business appointments to be made in advance in one or two months and submitted in writing. Punctuality is viewed as a virtue in China (Kermeliotis, 2011). By arriving late one could negatively affect the existing business relationship, because lateness is viewed as an insult. Each Chinese participant in a business meeting has own agenda that they will try to introduce, hence it is crucial to note the agendas being introduced. Before the meeting, the Chinese loves to meet with experts to discuss the agendas. Therefore, it is advisable to send the agenda before the actual meeting. Conclusion China is a developing country that is providing market prospects for foreign investment. China is a huge country with potential economic development which provides access to huge markets and substantial labor savings. Over the past 25 years of reformation and openness to the other parts of the globe, the economy of China had become the second biggest worldwide after US. The government of China has a goal of doubling the per capita and multiplying its GDP. China has the largest population in the world. according to the census conducted in 1990, china had an average population of 1,1300,000, 000. In recent times, there has been an exponential growth of population in China. The annual estimate of population growth in china is 15 million people. This number is approximately three times the total population of Singapore. The Chinese call themselves, sons of Han or Han. This is based on the Han Dynasty, which is considered as a tenure of great historical importance. The small tribes have b een absorbed into the mainstream throughout history especially those who came into contact with the Han Chinese. The cultural dimension of Geert Hofstede in China indicates a relatively high (80) Power Distance level in comparison with the world average of 55. However, as a foreigner, one can be able to do business successfully in China once he/she notes the pertinent issues discussed in this study. References Fogel, G. K., 2010. Business Environment in China: Political,and Cultural Factors, s.l.: s.n. Hofstede, G., 2011. Dimensionalizing Cultures: The Hofstede Model in Context. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture, 2(1), pp. 4-13. Hicks, P. K. B. B. S., 2007. Can We Do Business? A Study of the Attitudes of Chinese and Australian Business Students. Australasian Accounting, Business and Finance, 1(3), pp. 23-26. F. Lau, 2009. Influence of Chinese Cultural Values on Consumer Behavior. Journal of International Consumer Marketing , 11(1), pp. 97-116 . Kermeliotis, T., 2011. Doing business in China: Five tips for success. [Online] Available at: https://edition.cnn.com/2011/10/21/business/china-business-investors-culture/[Accessed 17 4 2017]. Khairullah, D. H. Z., 2013. Cultural Values and Decision-Making in China. International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology , 3(2), pp. 2-5. Liao, K.-H., 2016. Impact of Traditional Chinese Culture on Business-to-Business Relationship Marketing and Service Firm Performance. Journal of Business-to-Business Marketing , 23(4), pp. 277-291. Madsen, R., 2010. The Upsurge of Religion in China. The Journal of Democracy, 21(4), pp. 58-71. Siew, H. M., n.d. Doing Business Singapore vs China. [Online] Available at: https://www.guidemesingapore.com/country-reports/china/doing-business-in-singapore-vs-china[Accessed 18 4 2017]. Travel China Guide, 2016. Religions Beliefs in China. [Online] Available at: www.travelchinaguide.com/intro/religion/[Accessed 17 4 2017]. Yao, C., 2014. The impact of cultural dimensions on Chinese expatriates' career capital. The International Journal of Human Resource Management , 25(5), pp. 609-630.

Friday, April 3, 2020

Strategic Management Process

Strategic management is a process that assesses the business areas that an organization operates. The process scrutinizes the organization’s competitors, both current and future, and comes up with its goals and objectives. Strategic management process has several components, including the vision, environmental scanning, strategy formulation, strategy implementation, and strategy evaluation (Moore, 2000).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Strategic Management Process specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The vision formulation directs the company into its mission. A mission statement states how the management plans to offer products and services to its customers. Johnson and Whittington (2008) affirm that environmental scanning entails the process of analyzing the companies’ processes and coming up with detailed information about its strategic needs: It examines both the internal and external issues that co ntrol the organization. Environmental assessment is important because continuous evaluation of the organization’s environment helps the management to identify areas that require improvement. After analysis of the environment, strategy formulation is the next step, which involves making decisions on the best actions to take to achieve the organization’s goals and objectives while considering the political and society factors, opportunities and threats and the potential strengths and weaknesses. The company then formulates its business and corporate strategies (Moore, 2000). Strategy implementation is the next step, and it entails putting the chosen strategy into work. This is where the company’s structure is designed: allocation of human resources and issuing resources in all the sections involved with change. The last component is strategy evaluation, which implies evaluating the performance of the implemented strategies and taking the best action in case it div erts from the set objectives (Moore, 2000). Liebeskind (2002) conforms that strategic management process is important in an organization because it helps in planning the steps and procedures to follow for the processes to work according to the set goals and objectives. Additionally, strategic management helps the company to carry out its procedures using a systematic method in a smooth flow to achieve corporate goals. In this regard, The Ford Company is a typical company that uses the components strategic management process. The company has many plans, which are operational for a given period to check on performance. The management implements the plans if there is improvement in the company’s processes. Thus, Ford assesses each process to make sure that they are working according to the set plans and objectives (Johnson Whittington, 2008).Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn Mo re Ford Company has faced big losses, while its competitors like Toyota and Nissan are making a lot of profits. This was due to the fact that Ford’s costs were higher as compared to both Toyota and Nissan. The Ford Company has had a new strategic plan, which involves closing some of its plants and cutting-off some of the workers to maintain its competitive advantage. Ford’s strategic plans entail defining the existing business’s mission and vision. The management has planned on how to produce its products and services for differentiation purposes. Likewise, the company also performs weekly internal and external audits. After evaluation of the current business operations, it formulates new business strategies and mission statements. The missions are then transformed into company’s goals. Plans are then formulated to attain the strategic goals. The ford Company then implements the strategies and evaluates its performance (Johnson Whittington, 2008). Ther efore, strategic management is essential for both small and big companies, especially those whose main aim is to stay at the competitive edge. References Johnson, G. Whittington, R. (2008). Exploring Corporate Strategy. Essex: FT Hall. Liebeskind, J. P. (2002). Knowledge, Strategy, and the Theory Firm. Strategic Management Journal, 17, 93-108. Moore, M. H. (2000). Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. This essay on Strategic Management Process was written and submitted by user Misael M. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

E-Business Strategy essays

E-Business Strategy essays EBusiness Strategy and Value Chain Analysis What value does eBusiness have in the strategic planning of a company? Will it really help, and if so, how? In this essay we will briefly explore why the careful examination of a corporations activities and the possibility of incorporating eBusiness strategies can be very beneficial to a firms success. Value chain analysis is a systematic way of examining all the activities a firm performs and how they interact (Porter, 1985). A firm gains competitive advantage by performing these strategically important activities more cheaply or better than its competitors. Every company is a collection of activities that are performed to design, produce and market, deliver, and support its product. All of these activities can be represented using a value chain. The value chain as described by Porter (1985) incorporates five primary activities: inbound logistics, operations, outbound logistics, marketing and sales, and service. These activities contribute to the physical creation of the product or service, its sale and transfer to the buyer and its service after the sale (Porter, 1985). The first category in the value chain is inbound logistics. The primary activity of inbound logistics is associated with receiving, storing, and distributing inputs to the product (Porter, 1985). Some examples of these activities might include material warehousing, inventory control, vehicle scheduling, and returns to suppliers. Many of these activities can be handled with the aid of internet technologies. Just-in-time (JIT) inventory systems are one example of internet systems designed to achieve efficient inbound logistics (manufacturing.net). Toyota is one company that has incorporated these technologies into their eBusiness strategy. Toyota has systems which enable parts to be delivered at the assembly plants only hours before they are needed. The implementation of this strategy helps Toyot...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Why did Sigmund Freud and Michel Foucault not trust the notion of the Essay

Why did Sigmund Freud and Michel Foucault not trust the notion of the self - Essay Example Nonetheless, the initial facts and issue act as a basement upon which new knowledge is based. Thus emergent thinkers simply contribute new ideas to the body of knowledge. To a great extent, such ideas are reflective of the modern day experiences and way of life. One of the philosophical concepts that have been accorded great attention by a significant percentage of the philosophers pertains to the concept of self. Notably, this has undergone various transformations and has been shaped and molded by varied perceptions that were put forth by the philosophers. Seemingly, the most important contribution to this notion was made by the two great thinkers; Sigmund Freud and Michael Foucault. Although their approaches differed considerably, their critical approach to the notion of self was not only insightful but also very informative. It is against this background that this paper explains why the two great thinkers did not trust the notion of the self. To enhance a harmonic consideration, i t begins by explaining the notion of self and the developments that it has undergone since its suggestion. Essentially, the notion of self concept is all encompassing and comprises of dynamic and organized attitudes, beliefs and opinions that an individual perceives to be true about his or her self. These from a philosophical view point are also imperative in defining one’s personal existence as well as history. In essence, it seeks to explain how or what an individual considers himself to be. It is an objective standpoint that goes a long way in defining who a person is in light of his past as well as present experiences. It differs considerably from the concepts of self esteem and self report. While the former underscores feelings related to enhancement of personal worth and attainment of self fulfillment, the latter constitutes the amount of information that an individual may be willing to disclose about the self. Foucault at this point refers to the concept of self as â⠂¬Ëœlife being aware of it self† (Foucault, 1979, p. 54). Historical evidence ascertains that the concept of self was put forth by Rene Descartes in 1644 (Ryan, Short & Weed, 1986, p. 527). In this text, he argued that the aspect of doubt was an important principle of self inquiry. For an individual to attain an objection perception of one self, he needed to doubt the self. Doubt in this respect would enable him to understand his strengths, weaknesses and make an objective evaluation of his capabilities. Using it, individuals would be able to understand and appreciate themselves. Existence according to his point of view was greatly influences by perception. This knowledge was later extended by Freud who explored the aspect of internal mental processes. In particular, he detailed the importance of the individual internal thinking processes and further analyzed the aspects of self interpretation. As indicated earlier, Foucault perceived the concept of self in light of being able to understand and appreciate the abilities and capabilities of one self. Understanding these required a critical evaluation of all the aspects of an individual. In essence, it entailed a full understanding of oneself and relative capabilities, strengths and weaknesses. Of great importance to self understanding however was to know the meaning of living. Previous philosophers have in some cases related this to the spiritual notion of Christianity. At this point, it cannot be disputed that some Christian concepts greatly advocate for the practice of self renunciation. The individual in this regard is able to understand